Things You Will Need to Know About Pregnancy Ultra Sound
Ultra sound is a procedure where ultrasonic waves are used chiefly for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes by getting pictures on internal organs and generation of localized heat to the body tissues. Furthermore, ultrasound can be used to monitor the fetus during pregnancy. Pregnancy ultra sound is the procedure of getting an image of the embryo through measuring vibrations returned since the device used emits high-frequency sound waves.
An ultra sound, also called a sonogram, is encouraged to pregnant women to monitor the growing fetus as well the woman’s reproductive organs. The number of times to conduct a sonogram changes from one pregnancy to another. One of the explanations to get a pregnancy ultra sound is to display for any complications that may be arising so that they may be taken care of. There are various sorts of ultra sound ranging from the conventional to more complex ones like 3-D ultra sound and 4-D ultrasound.
Why a Pregnancy Ultra Sound?
Sonograms are carried out during the various trimesters of pregnancy for a variety of reasons but can also be discouraged if there is no medical advantage. But if from the previous blood test, a problem was detected, your doctor can order for more ultra sounds. Some parents, from curiosity use ultra sound to find out the sex of the child before birth.
During the first trimester, ultrasounds are done to confirm pregnancy, check the fetal heartbeat and to diagnose miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Additionally, they are utilized to determine the gestation age of the fetus and predict its own due date and assess for the chance of pus.
During the second and third trimesters which starts from twelve months to birth, ultrasounds are utilized to track the development of the fetus and its own position, determine the sex of the infant, track the levels of amniotic fluid and also the period of the cervix as well as to detect some originating abnormalities.
Different Types of Ultra Sound
Transabdominal ultra solid
This is the most common with pregnancies and a full bladder is advised since sound waves travel faster in liquid. You lay down to around twenty minutes on your back as your supplier applies a thin coating of gel on your belly to help sound waves to move easily as you attempt to get the image.
The difference of a transvaginal sonogram from the previous one is that the provider moves a transducer into the birth canal as you lie on your back.
There are also sonograms carried out on special cases as explained below.
3 -D ultra sound involves taking a million pictures simultaneously taking a 3-D image that’s clearer almost like a picture. It is utilized to ensure normal growth of the infant and occasionally for to find from any issues with the uterus.
4-D ultra sound
4 -D ultra sound has no much difference with the 3-D ultrasound but its advanced as it shows the baby’s movements in a video.
A fetal echocardiography is carried out if your doctor detects some heart defects in your baby. It takes some time as compared to the standard ultra sounds. It is in a position of capturing the heart structures of the baby and helps analyze the hearts’ functioning thus diagnosing any heart problems.